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THERMAL BATHS & SPAS IN BUDAPEST

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Thermal baths and spas in Budapest

The thermal resources of Budapest are unique in the world. On the territory of the city 118 natural springs rise (most of them with warm water). The water raising from natural and drilled springs are usually between 21 and 76 °C and give daily 30.000quadtratmetre water.

Already the Celts and Romans used the warm springs of the Buda-hills. According to memos during the Roman times there have been 14 baths in the city, while during the Turkish rule 8. The baths originating from the Turks are still operating. Today Budapest has 24 thermal baths, swimming pools and open-air pools, from which 10 are thermal baths.

The most important thermal baths in Budapest :

Gellert Bath - Király Bath - Lukács Thermal Bath - Rudas Thermal Bath - Széchenyi Thermal Bath

Gellert Bath

History of the Bath
We find records about the "miraculous" springs spurting up o­n the territory of the Bath from as early a date as the 15 th century. The Turks later favoured these springs as well, as they were larger and hotter than the Buda baths of the period. In the 17 th century, the site was named Sárosfürdo (Mud bath) because of the fine spring silt that was pushed up together with the spring water and settled at the bottom of the pools.
The Gellert Thermal Bath and Hotel, known world-wide and highly favoured by foreigners, built in a secession style, opened its gates in 1918 and was expanded in 1927 by the wave-bath and in 1934 by the effervescent bath. In the course of the modernisation accomplished in our days, the sitting-pool in the swimming complex, the outdoor sitting pool and the children's pool were renovated; they were equipped with a state-of-the art water filtering and circulation device. At present, nearly all healing facilities may be used in the Gellert Thermal Bath. The Bath includes a department offering complex thermal bath facilities (daytime/outpatient hospital), it also has an inhalatorium.

Bath units
Total number of pools: 13
Effervescent bath section: Effervescent bath pool, Sitting pool
Outdoor pools: Wave bath pool, Sitting pool with fancy facilities, Children's pool
Thermal bath departments: Thermal pools (8)

Water composition
Water supply to the Bath is ensured by the spring accesses established inside the Gellert hill. The water is a hot spring water with calcium, magnesium and hydrogen-carbonate as well as sulphate-chloride, also containing sodium and with a significant content of fluoride ions.

For Therapeutic Diagnoses of
degenerative illnesses of joints, illnesses of the vertebral spine, chronic and semi-acute arthritis, pains of the intervertebral disc, neuralgia, aortic stenosis, blood circulation problems, in the Inhalatorium: treatment of asthmatic, chronic bronchitic complaints

Services
Department ensuring complex thermal bath facilities (daytime outpatient hospital), Gentlemen's and ladies' thermal bath pools, Gentlemen's and ladies' weight baths, Carbonic acid tub-bath, Medical healing massage, Refreshing massage, Underwater water-beam massage, Foot massage, Dry and steam saunas, Finnish sauna, with cold dive-pools, Mud packing, Physiotherapy, Tooth-gum shower, Inhalation, Healing gymnastics, Bathing suit rentals, Custody of garments and valuables, Exchange of foreign currency, Hairdresser's shop, Cosmetics, Solarium, Manicure, Foot care, Buffets, Dental surgery, Ladies' and group naturists' sunbath premises, Provision of sites for social events after opening hours, o­n demand with use of bath as well

Hotels near the Gellert Bath: Danubius Hotel Gellert, Boutique Hotel Zara, Danubius Hotel Flamenco, Inn-Side Hotel Kalvin House

Király Bath

History of the Bath
The construction of this Bath was begun by Arslan, the Pasha of Buda in 1565 and was completed by his successor, Sokoli Mustafa. The Király Thermal Bath had no direct hot water base, nor has it any today. The Turks built the Bath far from the springs to ensure the opportunity for bathing even in the case of an eventual siege, within the walls of the castle. Its water was supplied at that time, and is being supplied now, from the surroundings of the current Lukács Bath. Following the reoccupation of Buda, the Bath was acquired in 1796 by the König family. They rebuilt it to its current form, combining the old with the new, and preserving its monumental character, found even in the name of the Bath. Stemming from the name of the family, it translates from Hungarian (Király=King=König). In World War II, the Bath was damaged. Its complete renovation was accomplished in 1950.
Pictures of the Bath can be viewed in the Gallery.

Bath units
Number of thermal pools: 4

Water composition
Hot spring water with calcium, magnesium, hydrogen-carbonate and sulphate, also containing sodium and with a substantial content of fluoride ions.

For Therapeutic Diagnoses of
degenerative illnesses of the joints, chronic and semi-acute arthritis, deformations of the vertebral spine, dislocation of the inter-vertebral discs, healing of neuralgia, calcium deficiency of the bone system, cases of post-injury treatment,

Services
Thermal pool bath, Tub-bath, Underwater massage with water beam, Medical healing massage, Refreshing massage, Dry and steam saunas, Foot massage, Foot care, Finnish Sauna for 2 persons with tub-bath, Bathing suit rentals, Custody of valuables, Buffet, Sale of therapeutical equipment

Hotels near Király Bath: Hotel Papillon

Lukács Thermal Bath

History of the Bath
In the 12th century, knights of the order of Saint John engaging in curing the sick settled in the area of today's Lukács Bath, followed by the orders of Rhodos and Malta, who built their monasteries baths as well. The bath operated through the time of the Turks but the energy of the springs were used primarily to produce gunpowder and for grinding wheat. After the reoccupation of Buda, the bath became the property of the Treasury. In 1884, Fülöp Palotay purchased the bath from the Treasury, thus a series of transformations began. The spa hotel was built, an up-to-date hydrotherapy department was established and the swimming pool was transformed. People wishing to be healed came from all over the world. Following their successful healing cure, they placed marble tablets on the wall of the Bath 's courtyard to express their gratitude.
The drinking cure hall of the Bath was built in 1937. The first department to ensure complex thermal bath facilities (daytime hospital) was established in 1979 in Budapest, in the Lukács Thermal Bath. In 1999, the open-air pools of the swimming pool section were modernised. In the course of this, the so-called mud-pond, hardly used before, was replaced by a fancy pool, equipped with a whirling corridor, underwater effervescence, neck shower, water beam back massage hidden in the seat banks, whirlpool, geysers, effervescent bed and many other facilities unfamiliar before this time. The two swimming pools of various temperature in the other courtyard of the Bath were also rebuilt with water-filtering and circulation devices.

Bath units
Number of pools: 8
Swimming pool: Gentlemen's swimming pool, Ladies' swimming pool, Fancy pool
Thermal baths: 4
Mud and weight bath pool

Water composition
Hot spring water with calcium, magnesium, hydrogen-carbonate and sulphate, chloride, also containing sodium and with a substantial content of fluoride ions.

For Therapeutic Diagnoses of
degenerative illnesses of the joints, chronic and semi-acute arthritis, deformations of the vertebral spine, dislocation of inter-vertebral discs, neuralgia, calcium-deficiency of the bone system, cases of states following injuries

Services
Department ensuring complex thermal bath facilities (daytime hospital), Thermal pool bath - group-type, in bathing suits, Weight bath for ladies and gentlemen, Carbonic acid tub-bath, Medical healing massage, Refreshing massage, Underwater massage with water beam, Foot massage, Dry and steam sauna chambers, Finnish sauna, Mud package, Physiotherapeutic treatments, Healing drinking cure, Bathing suit rentals, Custody of valuables and garments, Catering units, Roof sunbathing area, Provision of the site for social events after opening hours, including, o­n demand, the use of the Bath

Hotels near Lukacs Bath: Hotel Papillon

Rudas Thermal Bath

History of the bath
The centerpiece of the bath today, the Turkish bath, was built during the 16th century in the period of the Turkish occupation. Below the 10 m diameter dome, sustained by 8 pillars, there is an octagonal pool. The thermal bath has been visited from 1936 o­n exclusively by men. The swimming pool, operating as a therapeutic swimming facility and with a sauna, was built in 1896.
In its drinking hall, the water of the springs Hungária, Attila and Juventus can be consumed for the purposes of a drinking cure. In the bath, there is a daytime outpatient hospital operating with a complex physiotherapy department.

Bath units
Steam Pools (6), swimming pool

Water composition
Radio-active hot spring water with calcium-magnesium-hydrogen-carbonate also containing sodium and sulphate and with a significant content of fluoride ions.

Therapeutic proposals
degenerative illnesses of joints, chronical and semi-acute arthritis cases, protruded intervertebral disc, neuralgia, states of calcium deficiency of the bone system,

Services
Thermal bath, Tub-bath, Underwater massage by water beam, Family tub-bath with steam chamber, Swimming pool, Drinking cure, Daytime hospital with complex physiotherapy department, Foot care, Medical healing massage, Refreshing massage, Dry sauna and steam sauna chamber, Sale of newspapers, Bazaar outlets, Buffet

Hotels near Rudas Bath: Gold Hotel Buda, City Hotel Mátyás, Hotel Erzsébet, Danubius Hotel Gellert

Széchenyi Thermal Bath

History of the Bath

The Széchenyi Thermal Bath is o­ne of the largest spa complexes in Europe. It's also the first thermal bath of Pest. It owes its existence to Vilmos Zsigmondy, a mining engineer. On his initiative, successful deep borings had been performed in the City Park, where later, in 1881 already an "Artesian bath" was in operation. However, this temporary type of bath was meeting the demands of the age less and less, so the Széchenyi Thermal Bath was built in 1913 o­n the basis of plans composed by Gyozo Czigler. The Bath was expanded in 1927 with a public bathing department for gentlemen and ladies and a beach site. In the middle of the 1960s, further transformations took place, including the creation of a group thermal section in bathing suits as well as a daytime outpatient hospital (complex physiotherapy department).

The reconstruction of the pools of the swimming section, their equipment with water filtering and circulation devices was completed in 1999. The so-called fancy bath includes a whirling corridor, underwater effervescence production, neck shower, water beam back massage installed in the sitting banks and many other services.

Bath units
Number of pools: 15
Swimming pools with water filtering and circulation device, Fancy pool, Thermal sitting pool
Thermal baths: Group bath in bath suits with cabinets for garments or cabins (8) with fancy pool, Group bath in aprons (4)

Water composition
The Saint Stephen Well Nr.II commissioned in 1938 provides the water supply for the bath. It is a hot-spring water with calcium, magnesium, hydro-carbonate, also containing sodium and sulphate, with a significant content in fluoride and metaboric acid.
The water of the drinking well is a healing water with calcium, magnesium, hydro-carbonate, chloride, sulphate, also containing alcalics and a substantial amount of fluoride.

Therapeutic proposals
degenerative illnesses of joints, chronic and semi-acute arthritis, orthopaedic and post-injury alterior treatments, In the form of a drinking cure, chronic gastric catarrh, gastric ulcer, intestinal catarrh, overproduction of gastric acid, chronic inflammation of the pelvis of the kidney and of the urine paths, certain forms of renal stone illnesses, chronic catarrh of the inhaling organs, prevention and healing of states of the bone system accompanied by a calcium deficiency, influencing disturbances of metabolism linked to gout, in case of certain illnesses of the gall-bladder and the gall paths, for enhancing gall-discharge

Services
In the framework of a daytime hospital, complex physio-therapy department, Healing cure program, Healing gymnastics for individuals and groups, Underwater gymnastics, Weight bath, Thermal pool bath, Dry and steam sauna, Finnish saunas, Ice-brew machine, shower-barrel, Carbonic tub-bath treatment, Tub-bath-treatment, Salted tub-bath treatment, Mud-packing, Underwater water-beam massage, Medical healing massage, Refreshing massage, Healing drink cure, Swimming instruction, Foot massage up to knee, Foot care, Fitness room, Fancy bath, Buffet, Safe-keeping of garments and valuables, Roof sun-bath spaces, Bathing suit rentals, Fat-burning gymnastics, Weightlifting gymnastic, Shaping gymnastics, Securing the venue of an event, after opening hours, including, o­n demand, the use of baths

Hotels near Széchenyi Bath: Hotel Liget, Andrássy Hotel, Radio Inn Budapest, Central Dominik Pension, Dominik Pension, Star Hotel, Izabella Residence

More information about the Baths:

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