Baths in Eger and Its Surroundings
The Thermal Bath and Experience Bath in Eger
The Thermal Bath of Eger can be found in the centre of the town on an area of five hectares next to the Turkish Bath which was built in the 16th century. Eger is famous all over Europe for its medicinal waters and each of the seven pools of the bath are fed by warm springs that have their springs in the environs of Eger. The beneficial effects of the water had been discovered even by the Turks and their experiences were justified by modern medical science, too. The Thermal Bath of Eger, the construction of which was finished in 2002, made the town a stronghold for spa tourism in the country. Here every generation can find the way to enjoy bathing. Uniquely in Europe, the medicinal spring containing radon gushes up through a natural layer of pebbles at the bottom of pool no.1 which was built in 1936. In some of the pools the guests can bathe in different types of thermal waters. One type is a 28 degree Celsius, slightly radioactive medicinal water which gushes to the surface on the site of the bath or in its surroundings. The other type is a 47 degree Celsius medicinal water containing sulphur and hydrogen-carbonate, and is led to the bath in pipes from the spring just outside Eger. Both types of waters are especially beneficial for treating rheumatic patients. The massage pool gives a unique experience with the beneficial effect of the water coming down in a waterfall. In the partly covered experience pool 14 different types of entertaining and water recreational elements provide complete relaxation: a jacuzzi, a bubbling bed, underwater massage, a waterfall. The experience pool with rotating water is especially popular among children. In the aqua-castle a jacuzzi, a gush, a slide and a waterfall make the water-experience unforgettable. The modern stretched-surface swimming pool is ideal for sporting activity.
Eger - The Turkish Bath
The main attractions of Eger for tourists are the Castle of Eger, the sight and monuments of the baroque town-centre, the wine cultivation that has hundreds of years of history and the baths of Eger, especially the medicinal bath called Turkish Bath. The predecessor of the Turkish Bath in Eger today was built between 1610 and 1617 when the town was occupied by the Turks. (Found in Nürnberg and made by master Georg Houfnagel, a copperplate engraving depicts the dome-covered bath of Eger already). The Turks built the bath to serve the purpose of their ritual bathing but they soon realised the water's beneficial effects on health. With repeated reconstruction during the centuries the Turkish character of the bath was preserved. The main pool is octogonal as it is in all of the Turkish baths. Above this 'Turkish-pool' there is a dome covered with two-hundred thousand small gilded plates. (Such ornament can only be found in one other place in Hungary in the Parliament). Natural lights enter the building from the south through round, green windows, and the green light rays along with the glittering water give the bath a very special, relaxed atmosphere that is typical of Turkish baths. All of the walls of the Turkish Bath are from Zsolnay ceramic slabs, greenish and greyish in colour, and ogee-arched, which is a real characteristic of Turkish architecture. The 31 degrees Celsius temperature of the spring water is fairly pleasant for bathers, since it is not too warm for people suffering from hypertension or cardiovascular disease and not too cold for disabled people who have difficulty in moving about in water. Without a pipeline, the spring water gushes up from under two of the pools, at the Turkish-pool and the Bubble-pool (which was named after the constant fizzing sound of the bubbles), from under the stones covering the bottom of these two pools. There are four other pools, with a small pool called 'Mirror-bath' for one or two people, a medicinal weight bath and two other warm-water pools into which the thermal water is led through a pipeline from the warm spring of the neighbouring village of Andornaktálya. In all of the pools 5 % of the water is changed hourly with overflow. The waters of the Turkish-bath, the Bubble-bath and the warm spring at Andornaktálya are all certified medical waters, the former two since 1934. The curative effect of the Turkish-bath is attributed to the water's radon content (which also forms a part of the bubbles). Radon is antiphlogistic and enhances the endorphine production of the body (thus definitely improving our general condititon). As an ionizing radiation it also enhances the regenerational process of cells.
Medical Indications of the Bath:
1. Arthritis (e.g. rheumatoid arthritis)
2. Degenerated, worn deformation of joints
3. Pain-syndromes originating from the spine
4. Locomotor consequences of metabolic diseases (gout, thinning of bones)
5. Recreational activity for the bather to restore their ability to move which was hindered either by their lack of movements, age or illness, and also to feel well and to reach a state of 'wellness'
Eger - Bitskey Aladár Swimming Pool
The town of Eger built the swimming pool between 1998 and 2000 according to the design of Imre Makovecz, and it opened its doors to the public on 3rd December 2000. The sporting facility was named after Aladár Bicskey (1906-1991), a famous swimmer of Eger, who was champion of Hungary and also received a medal at the European Championships. He was teaching the basics of swimming for thousands of children from Eger for decades. The facility contains an eight-lane pool suitable for international swimming competitions, water-polo competitions and underwater swimming competitions, a 16 x 8.5 metre pool for teaching swimming, a sauna for 20 people and a bubble bath for 8 people. Its auditorium is capable to hold 1500 people including standing places. There are several other facilities in the swimming pool, such as a buffet, a hairdresser, a beautician and massage.
The Village of Egerszalók - Thermal Spring
The main attraction of the village is the natural beauty of its environment. It is best-known for its thermal spring that gushes out from underground on the southern part of the village. The 65-68 °C water breaks out from a depth of 410 metres and its water output of the well is 2350 litre/minute. The calcium-magnesium hydrogen-carbonate thermal water, also containing natrium and more significantly silicic acid, has been given one of the best ratings in th category of sulphurous medicinal waters. The water is most suitable for healing arthritis, rheumatic symptoms and bone injuries. Flowing down on a hillside, the water has created a 120 square-metre limestone deposit.
The Village of Bükkszék - Salvus Bath
The 30-40 °C degree thermal water was discovered in the 1930s when searching for hydrocarbon, and as early as this a smaller bath was created which was later of course extended. This is how the bath gained recognition in Hungary, and the water of which is also bottled with the name Salvus. The gently soft water of Salvus of Bükkszék has a beneficial effect on the stomach, thus with its course of treatment the formation of gastric ulcer can be avoided. Similarly, its cleaning effect on the respiratory tracts have also been observed, the unstoppable coughing significantly decreases if treated with the water and within a few days completely ceases. By drinking the alkaline water of Salvus, people suffering from diabetes can decrease the blood-sugar level and can also decrease the dose of insulin intake. The high presence of iodine, hydrobromide, fluoride and other micro-elements in the water have beneficial effects for healthy people as well. Drinking the water as a course treatment is recommended for people suffering from gastric influenza, sour stomach, diabetes and from respiratory or intestine diseases. Doctors recommend it as a bathing cure for treatment of locomotor diseases. In the case of paradentitis Salvus can also be effectively used as a mouth-wash.
On the site of the bath three thermal water pools and a thousand-square-metre stretched surface swimming pool can be found. With a length of 136 metres, one of the longest water slides in Central Europe can also be found here.
The Village of Tarnaméra - Camping Site with Bath
The camping site and thermal bath of Tarnaméra awaits visitors with a bath situated in a 2.5 hectare wooded park containing a swimming pool with water changer, a shallow pool for children and its 30 degree Celsius thermal water. The conventional round pool has thermal water of 38 degrees Celsius. Visitors having been to the bath several times repeatedly mention the beneficial effects of the slightly iodic thermal water on the general condition and on the organs of locomotion.
The Village of Heves - Bath and Camping Site
On the site of the cold-water bath in Heves, which had been in operation for more that 70 years, a new drilling in 1961 discovered plenty of thermal water 794 metres deep. The 47 degree Celsius medicinal water is rich in mineral salts and the bath is a very popular destination among bathers and those who seek the healing power of the water. The bath has seen an extensive development with the opening of the thermal well, and a medicinal pool and a children's pool has also been built. Under the shade of trees new stone and wooden houses were built to accomodate visitors, and a comfortable camping site fulfills the needs of people arriving with caravans or tents. The camping site is open from the beginning of April until the end of October.
The Village of Mátraderecske - Mofetta
The village is famous for its natural phenomenon found only here in Hungary, which is called 'mofetta' or 'dry bath'. This is a medicinal gas with high carbon-dioxide content that breaks out from a depth of 1000 metres. (Geologists call a low temperature volcanic steam emission with high carbon-dioxide content 'mofetta'). This gas with its medicinal concentration of radon is especially effective in the treatment of the following illnesses: arterial system disease (constriction of the vessels in the lower limbs of different origin and seriousness), heart and cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, vaso-complications of diabetes, different types of rheumatic diseases, autoimmune diseases with severe effect on the blood-vessel system, gout, thinning of bones, certain gynacologic diseases, problems of infertility and impotence and medical complaints relating to the sympathetic nervous system.
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