Attractions in Budapest
Budapest is very rich in historical buildings and monuments.
Buda side - Gellert-hill, Buda castle: Royal Palace, Castle district, The Holy Trinity Square, Fishermen's Bastion, Matthias Church, Maria Magdalene Tower, Cave System
Between Buda and Pest - The most beautiful bridges of Budapest, Margitsziget (Margaret island)
Pest - Downtown, St. Stephen Basilica, Parliament House, Large Market Hall, Synagogue, Hungarian National Museum, Hungarian State Opera House, Pest Broadway, Academy of Music, Heroes' Square, Municipal Zoological and Botanical Garden, Amusement Park, Castle of Vajdahunyad, Western Railway Station
The hill offers one of the best views on the city for travellers. The name comes from Bishop Gellert, who played a huge role in spreading the Christianity in Hungary. On the top of the hill, you can find the Citadel, a fortress that was built to keep always an eye on the city. From the terraces of the building, there is a marvellous panorama to the city, with the help of the telescopes you can focus on the most important attractions. The Liberty Statue cherishes the memory of the liberation from the Nazi rule. 3 important thermal baths operate under the Gellert-hill: Rác Bath, Rudas Bath, Gellert Bath. Baths of Budapest
Buda Castle - Royal Palace
The Royal Palace is situated at the southern part of the castle. The palace was originally built in the Middle Ages, but was totally destroyed during the Turkish occupation. The today's baroque palace was constructed during the 17 th and 18 th centuries. Nowadays the building houses cultural institutes and museums (Széchenyi Library, Hungarian National Gallery, Museum of Contemporary Arts - Ludwig Museum, Museum of Budapest History.
Buda castle - Castle district
The Buda castle district with its narrow streets, old houses, gas lamps and marvellous monuments is the most romantic pedestrian district of Budapest. In the district, which is between the Dísz square and the Matthias church, travellers can enjoy the buildings from the Middle ages and the baroque and copf palaces. The unique attractions of the area are the sitting niches next to the entrances of the buildings. Probably these niches served as the rest place of servants.
The castle district is also rich in exhibitions: Museum of Military History, Golden Eagle Pharmacy Museum, Museum of Hungarian Commerce and Catering, Jewish Pray House, Telephone Museum, Institute of Musicology.
Travellers can find one of the most beautiful Hilton Hotels, the Budapest Hilton, in this district. Into its walls the remains of a medieval monastery was incorporated.
The Ruszwurm Confectionery was founded in the 19 th century and it operates with the original furniture and offers the famous cakes according to the old receipts.
Buda Castle - Holy Trinity Square
On the square located in the centre of the castle district, travellers can find the Statue of the Holy Trinity, the old Buda town hall, the Matthias Church and the House of Hungarian Wines.
Buda Castle - Fishermen's Bastion
The bastion was built in 1905 next to the Matthias Church on the place of the former fish market. The aim of the bastion was to decorate the panorama from the pest side. This city view was elected to the list of World Heritage as well.
Buda Castle - Matthias Church
Th church is of the same age as the Royal Palace. The church was originally constructed in the 13th, and reconstructed several times during the following centuries. The Turks occupied Buda in 1541 and turned the Matthias church into a mosque. The frescoes of the church were whitened. The today's form of the church was made in the 19 th century, when it was rebuilt in neo-gothic style. Frescoes of Bible scenes and the main events of Hungarian history decorate the walls of the church. The Matthias church has an excellent acoustic, that is why a lot of concerts are held in the church. www.matyas-templom.hu
Buda castle - Maria Magdalene Tower
The former garrison church of Buda was destroyed during the 2 nd World War, only the tower of the church remained. The tower operates as a lookout and plays every half-hour carillon.
Buda castle - Cave system
Several kilometres long corridors and a corridor system stretches under the Buda Castle. The Buda Castle Labyrinth in a historical atmosphere is the only part of the cave system that can be visited.
BETWEEN BUDA AND PEST
The most remarkable bridges of Budapest:
Margitsziget ( Margaret Island )
The Margitsziget is the green area located in the middle of the Danube between the Margit and Árpád Bridges. Cars are not allowed to enter the park area, just until the northern end of the island (a parking place). There is a scheduled bus line crossing the island. The peaceful environment of the island is a preferred place for taking a walk, doing sports and entertaining. The island offers a varied flora, remains of cloisters, water tower, open-air beach (Palatinus), open-air theatre and a lot of sporting opportunities.
At the northern part of the Island two spa hotels are located: the prestigeous Grand Hotel Margitsziget, and the modern Thermal Hotel Margitsziget. The hotels use the thermal water of the island to treat firstly locomotor diseases.
The centre of Budapest downtown is the Vörösmarty square and the Váci Street. On the square visitors can find the famous Gerbaud Confectionery and the modern, fashionable Art Café, both popular places for travellers. The biggest walking area of Budapest is the Váci Street, on which cafés, restaurants and shops are waiting for the visitors. Another walking area the Dunakorzó follows the bank of the Danube from the Chain Bridge towards the Erzsébet Bridge. A place of interest is the Vigadó concert and ball hall, where the most famous artists like Ferenc Liszt, Wagner, Richard Strauss, Bartók and Kodály performed.
St. Stephen Basilica
The largest church of Budapest (can hold 8500 people) was built from the beginning of the years of 1800 and the construction lasted about 60 years. Two artistic eras had influence on the construction of the Basilica: the classicism and the eclectics. Inside the church, many works recall St. Stephen, the founder of State and Church in Hungary. The dome of the church offers a unique 360 scale round panorama from a height of 65 metres. Elevators ensure the way upstairs, only a few steps have to be walked at the end.
Houses of Parliament
The eclectic building from the turn of the century is the symbol of the Danube panorama. The small towers and the stone laces make the Parliament the most attractive building of Budapest. Also it is the biggest building, where the Houses of Parliament operates. Governmental receptions are also held inside the dome hall that can be reached by entering the building between stone lions commanding respect and through highly decorated stairs. The Hungarian crown and the coronation regalia are displayed in the Parliament. The building can be visited, see our program offers.
Large Market Hall
The biggest and most attractive covered market of Budapest was built at the end of the 19 th century. The market served originally as the central food market hall of Budapest.
With its 3000-seat building, it is Europe 's largest, while the world's second largest operating Synagogue. It was built during the middle of the 19 th century in romantic style for the Jewish population of 30000 living mainly in this area of Budapest. The National Museum of Jewish religion and History operates adjoining the Synagogue.
Hungarian National Museum
Hungary 's largest scientific collection can be found here. The permanent exhibitions of the museum are the history of the Hungarian nation down to the age of the Magyar Conquest, and from the Conquest to 1990, collection of Mineralogical and Zoological materials, Relics of Hungary from Roman times and the Middle Ages. The building played a key role during the 1848 Liberty War. A mass meeting took place in the open area in front of the museum, which proclaimed the demands of the nation for bourgeois reform. The National Song recited by Sándor Petofi and the twelve points of the radical young intellectuals have been read here to the crowd.
Hungarian State Opera House
Budapest is proud of the most beautiful opera house of the world, in which the opening performance took place in1884 after 9 years of construction. The stairs and the audience area off the Opera House are decorated with frescoes of the most important Hungarian painters at that time. The first director of the Opera was Ferenc Erkel, who was followed by the famous Gustav Mahler, and also Puccini introduced two of his operas in the building. The most famous conductors of the world, like Otto Klemperer, Sergio Failoni and Lamberto Gardelli conducted in the building. Not only for opera-lovers are the building recommended for a visit.
(Between the Opera House and the Octogon)
Theatres, bars, nightclubs, some museums are offering a wide range of entertainment programs in the surrounding streets. Traditionally the Nagymezo Street was the Pest Broadway because of the many theatres like the Operetta Theatre, the Tivoli Theatre, the Mikroszkóp cabaret and the Thália Theatre. Today, the night entertainment area is expanding towards the Academy of Music and the Liszt Ferenc tér with its cafés, restaurants and bars.
Academy of Music
The Academy of Music, built in 1875, is located near the Andrássy Avenue and the Octogon. The first president of the academy was Ferenc Liszt (founder), while the first director was Ferenc Erkel. The institute is not only serving the high education of music, but plays also a leading role in the cultural life of Budapest. With an excellent acoustic large hall 1200, while in the smaller hall 400 visitor can be accommodated.
The Heroes' Square is located at the end of the Andrássy Avenue. In the middle of the monument, there is a 36-metre high stone column, which is crowned by the wing figure of Archangel Gabriel. According to the legends, Gabriel appeared in the dream of St. Stephen and brought the crown for him. On the base of the column the seven Hungarian Chieftains, while on the side colonnades, kings and main personages of the Hungarian history are figured. The elegance of the statues and the solemnity of the square is increased by the two antic-shaped museums ( Museum of Fine Arts and the Art Gallery ) on the sides.
Municipal Zoological and Botanical Garden
The monument Zoo, with an atmosphere of the beginning of the 1900's, is one of the world's oldest Zoos. More than 500 animals and 4000 plants are collected in the Garden. More info about the Zoo: www.zoobudapest.com
The Amusement Park in the Városliget offers a Ferris wheel, switchback, shooting gallery, carousel, dodge and many other exciting opportunities for visitors.
The castle is one of the most interesting buildings in the City Park. Originally a model of wood and pasteboard was prepared to show the architectural past of Hungary on the 1000 th anniversary of the Magyar Conquest. Parts of the castle are the miniature reproduction of parts of Hungarian buildings that are characteristic for different historical styles. The 1000-year architecture of Hungary in one building was so successful, that the stone version had to be built here. The castle houses the Hungarian Agricultural Museum.
Western Railway Station
The station was built according to the plans of the Eiffel Group from Paris on the place of a former small railway station. With its huge iron structure the building became Europe's most modern Railway Station and one of the most beautiful buildings of Budapest. Today, behind the station there are shopping centres, cinemas, hotels, walking areas, cultural and office buildings.